Motor Oil Color — Ricks Free Auto Repair Advice Ricks Free Auto Repair Advice
All engines, even brand new ones, produce blow-by gasses; fuel, soot, and water that escapes past the piston rings and into the crankcase. Most of the blow-by is pulled out of the crankcase by the positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) system and routed back into the intake manifold where it is burned. But the rest of the blowby winds up in the oil.
This motor oil color chart is complete bullshit. There are absolutely no scientific studies to back up the premise that oil color is an indication of oil condition
There are no scientific studies that link motor oil color and condition
Untrained shops saw the dark oil and immediately claimed that the dark oil was a sign of an overdue oil change. They had never seen such “dirty oil” before.
What does black motor oil indicate?
There is only one way to know for sure if your motor oil is exhausted and requires changing when it turns dark; an oil analysis. Contact Blackstone Labs to get an oil analysis kit.
Soot is most commonly present after cold start and occur more often in later model engines with gasoline direct injection. The soot enters the crankcase as blowby
I’ve written an -in-depth article on this subject. Read it here. But the short version is this:
Detergent oil do what the name implies, they help clean your engine. But more importantly, after cleaning, detergent oil contains dispersant additives that keep the soot from blowby gasses in suspension. Suspension is important for two reasons; 1) it prevents the particulate matter from falling to the bottom of the pan where it can form sludge and 2) it carries the particulate matter to the oil filter so it can be removed.
Untrained shops started the myth that motor oil color is an indication of condition; and they keep it going to this day
Everything you read about motor oil color somehow indicating motor oil condition is a myth and that myth started back in the early 1960’s when oil companies first developed detergent oils.
Prior to detergent oil, the particulate matter in oil settled to the bottom of the pan. Once detergent oils came out, motor oil started looking dark. Why? Because it was doing its job; cleaning and carrying soot and particulate matter to the oil filter.
Oil oil turns new oil dark
Is Motor Oil Color and Indication of Condition?
No matter how long you drain your oil during an oil change, there’s still oil black oil throughout your engine. That oil can immediately darken the new oil.
Which engines turn oil dark?
Oil and oil additives oxidize in the presence of heat and oxygen and can turn dark
I’m amazed at the amount of misinformation propogated on the internet about dark oil somehow meaning that it’s time to change your oil. Some sites even shore bogus color charts show oil degration as it turns from a honey color to dark brown.
So it’s not uncommon to see your honey colored one-week old motor oil start to turn dark. It’s doing its job.
What actually turns motor oil black?
As mentioned above, blowby contains soot, exhaust gasses, raw fuel and water. It’s the oil’s job to clean this from the engine, hold it in suspension and transport it to the filter to be removed. All does this all the time.
Soot from incomplete combustion turns oil black
NO! Motor Oil Color IS NOT AN INDICATION OF ITS CONDITION
1) Older engines with more blowby, turn oil dark faster 2) Engines with gasoline direct injection produce more soot on cold startup and that turns oil dark faster 3)Engines with turbochargers turn oil dark faster. Turbochargers run at very high temperatures and heat and oxidation will turn oil dark faster. 4)Diesel engines turn oil dark faster because they produce more soot that a gasoline engine.
How can you tel if you dark oil requires changing?