Also, the (PCM) driver circuit, provides the ground connection, to energize the injectors. In extreme cases, the (PCM) may have failed. Also, a (PCM) problem, can cause the vehicle, not to run at all. The (PCM)’s functions include, positioning the crankshaft and controlling the ignition spark and timing. So, if there are problems with how the (PCM) performs these functions, the engine will not start.
First, Check For Voltage At The Injectors, When The Key Is Turned Or Button Pushed.
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) uses the trigger signal from the Crankshaft Position (CKP) Sensor. And/or the Camshaft Position (CMP) Sensor to pulse the injectors.
If the injectors appear to be working, but the engine will not start, the engine may be flooded. As a result, you may have to remove the spark plugs, to let them dry. Wait awhile, then try it again.
Typically, when injectors fail, the solenoids often short internally, causing a drop in resistance. So, if the specs calls for 3 ohms and an injector measures only 1 ohm, it will pull more current. However, too much current flow to an injector, may cause the (PCM) injector driver circuit, to shut down. As a result, killing any other injectors, that also share that same driver circuit. Causing, an engine will not start issue.
Professional technicians, use a tool called a NOID light to check, injector pulses. The tool detects digital signals in a circuit and flashes, an LED light. No flashes from the injector circuit when cranking the engine, would tell you the (PCM) is not pulsing the injectors. On newer Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) systems, however, a NOID light is no help.
So, if there is a blown fuse, check the system it controls. Once the system is identified, inspect or replace the failed part and retry the engine. But, if the fuse still blows, you will need to check the wiring harness, for damage and repair it.
If the fuse is okay, try swapping the relay with another, to see if that gets voltage to the injectors.
So, you can also try, holding the gas pedal all the way down, when cranking. Consequently, this will put the (PCM) into the “Clear Flood” mode, when cranking the engine.
So, a worn-out timing belt can prevent the Crankshaft/Camshaft Position Sensor from synchronizing, causing the sensor to send the wrong signal. When you turn on the key or push the button, the injectors should receive battery voltage.
The problem could be:
TIP: Try unplugging the injectors, one at a time and crank the engine to see if it will start. If the engine starts when a particular injector has been unplugged, that’s the shorted injector that needs to be replaced.
As a result, the engine will not start. Due to how important the circuits are, it’s crucial that they can be fixed, if they break. Luckily, lots of companies are now using easier technology, to make sure car owners can fix this themselves. By using switches, people can break or change the circuit. Allowing them to try and fix the problem, and start the car again.
Consequently, there are two methods of checking electrical fuses that protect various components:
- You can pull each fuse out and inspect it.
- Use a test light to check its continuity.
So, the most likely cause is that the fuel injectors, are probably not opening.
Your engine will not start, is an all too familiar experience, for any vehicle owner.
Basic Checks For, Engine Will Not Start:
- Check the Security System
- Test Fuses
- Check for Spark
- Do you have Fuel
- Check Engine Trouble Codes (DTC)
- Crankshaft Angle Sensor (CKP)
- Check for Injector Pulse
- Check Cylinder Compression
Like Most People, You Checked The Most Important Things First:
- The fuel pump is running, and sending normal pressure to the engine.
- The engine has Spark.
- There is good Compression.
But, With All That Working, Still, Your Engine Will Not Start.
All engines require three things to start and run, spark, fuel and compression.
So, if any one of these is missing, your engine will not start.
With a engine will not start issue, the possible causes are plenty. So, it’s important to understand what it takes, to make a engine start and run.
BY DANNY BENDER
So, the injector fuse and relay are usually located, in the relay box. Or power distribution center in the engine compartment. Fuses are used to protect various electrical circuits, while supplying power to components. They help the fuel pump, fuel injection and computer systems, from suffering a short circuit. When these fuses blow, the system they support stops working, and the engine stops running.
TIP: You can also measure the resistance of each injector with an ohmmeter. Unplug the injector and measure the resistance, between the two terminals. If resistance is outside specifications (high or low), replace the injector.